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Florence Travel Guide

Florence History

Initially Florence was only a settlement known as Fluentia due to its location; this settlement grew and succeeded due to its fertile valley which made of the community an important commercial centre.

Territory was inhabited by the Etruscans; then by the Romans from the 5th century; Florence was also controlled by different groups until it became an autonomous city in the 12th century. From the 13th century, Florence suffered many wars and afterwards the growth of the city took place by absorbing other communes.

In 1348 Florence decreased notably in its population after the Black Death and it is said that the population was reduced to 40%. Florence was known as Florentine in 15th century and became a city-state; then The Medici, a family of bankers to the pope, ascended to authorities in Florence and Cosimo de Medici was the first in the family who controlled the city, then his son Piero and its grandson, Lorenzo.

The Medici rule finished with Lorenzo de Mediciís son, the period was famous due to its incredible production in sciences and arts with representative artists such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli among other artists. Florence also established schools of music, sciences and opera; the latter was created in this very city.

Niccolo Machiavelli was also an important Florentine, who wrote the Florentine histories before the re-establishment of the Medici authority in Florence until the accession of Francis Stephen and Matria Theresa of Austria; Florence was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Kingdom of Italy in 1865. In the 20th century, the population of the city grew to triple due to its economical growth; Florence also became one of the most visited and most important cities in Europe.

Florence Travel Guide
Florence history
Florence Travel Guide
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